Difference Between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Difference Between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
  • Dr. Pravin Jain
  • November 30, 2022
A butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, the thyroid regulates a majority of the body’s metabolic functions. Thyroid hormones are responsible for the optimal functioning of the heart, brain, muscles, etc. An underactive or overactive thyroid can cause different health issues with varied symptoms. The reliable homeopathic doctors at HomoeoCARE prescribe safe and effective homeopathy medicine for thyroid diseases that treats them without side effects. 
When your thyroid gland is underactive, the condition is known as hypothyroidism, whereas when you have an overactive thyroid gland, you have what is called hyperthyroidism. There are certain differences between the two that you need to be aware of:


In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland cannot produce the hormone T4 in the required amount for it to function properly. This slows down your metabolism and leads to weight gain. Hypothyroidism is often caused due to an autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto’s disease - in which the body produces antibodies to attack the thyroid hormone. Other causes include viral infections, iodine deficiency, etc.
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Hypothyroidism is of three types:
  1. Primary hypothyroidism - In primary hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland is unable to produce the thyroid hormone in an adequate quantity.
  2. Secondary hypothyroidism - In secondary hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland functions normally but the pituitary or hypothalamus glands are unable to stimulate the thyroid gland.
  3. Congenital hypothyroidism - Congenital hypothyroidism is noticeable right from birth itself.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

  • Weight gain
  • Difficulty in weight loss
  • Weak appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Poor memory and difficulty in concentration
  • Puffy face
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Constipation
  • Hair loss
  • Changes in the menstrual cycle
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Swelling in the neck (goitre)
  • Muscular cramps
  • Depression
Hypothyroidism affects women more commonly than men, with one out of every eight women suffering from it. Although there is no complete cure for the disease, taking homeopathic medicine for hypothyroidism can offer long-lasting results as it targets the root cause of the problem rather than the symptoms.


When the thyroid gland secretes the thyroid hormones T3 and T4 in excess, the condition is called hyperthyroidism. As opposed to hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism results in loss of weight due to an increased rate of metabolism. Its causes include an inflammation of the thyroid gland, a thyroid nodule that increases the production of hormone T4, or an autoimmune disease called Graves’ disease, among others.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:

  • Sudden weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Sweating
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heightened sensitivity to heat
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Tremors
  • Irritability
  • Weakness
  • Protrusion of eye
  • Enlarged thyroid gland
Hyperthyroidism is often short-term and can be cured by following the appropriate treatment plan as per the advice of efficient homeopathic doctors.
Dr. Pravin Jain, one of the most trusted homeopathy doctors in Mumbai and the rest of India, says that symptoms of both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism should not be ignored. Homeopathy is a completely natural method of treating thyroid diseases as it eliminates the problem from the root and prevents the chances of it recurring in the future. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, visit a HomoeoCARE clinic near you or avail of our online consultation facility instead.

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